La historia de Internet – la experiencia latinoamericana No.2

by Pablo Hinojosa on July 23, 2007

Internet history – the Latin American experience

Se presenta el segundo podcast sobre la historia de Internet, contada por las personas que ayudaron a desarrollar la red, entrevistadas por Pablo Hinojosa, enlace de ICANN para América Latina, quien pregunta a los administradores de los ccTLDs regionales cómo fue la primera conexión a Internet en sus países.

Demi Getschko, by Joi Itto
Photo by Joi Ito

This is the second of a series of podcasts covering the history of the Internet as told by the people that helped build it. ICANN’s regional relations manager for Latin America, Pablo Hinojosa, asks the managers of the region’s top-level domains the story behind how they first set up the network in their country.

En esta segunda parte, la historia la cuentan: Jorge Raúl Cabañas de Paraguay, Demi Getshko de Brasil, Patricio Poblete de Chile y Oscar Robles de México.

In this second part, the story is told by: Paraguay’s Jorge Raúl Cabañas; Brazil’s Demi Getschko; Chile’s Patricio Poblete; and Mexico’s Oscar Robles.

Podcast roll

Jorge Raúl Cabañas

Contacto Administrativo de .py, NIC.PY
Jorge Raúl Cabañas, Paraguay

Demi Getschko

(4:53) –en Portugués–
Contacto Administrativo de .br,
Demi Getschko, by Joi Itto
Photo by Joi Ito

Patricio Poblete

.cl Administrative Contact, NIC Chile
Patricio Poblete, Chile

Oscar Robles

.mx Administrative Contact, NIC México
Oscar Robles, México

Escucha aquí el primer número del podcast

Escucha aquí el primer número del podcast

Click here for the first part of the podcast

Programa de difusión de ICANN

El trabajo que realiza ICANN en las diferentes regiones sirve dos importantes objetivos de comunicación:

1. – El de llevar a ICANN las demandas de las comunidades regionales y locales;

2. – El de traer a la región información relevante sobre las discusiones y los procesos que suceden en ICANN a nivel global.

Se trata de ampliar el espectro de comunicación de ICANN, aplicándolo a diferentes idiomas y culturas. Se trata de abrir nuevos canales de comunicación que favorezcan la participación de nuevos actores (que puedan ser escuchados y puedan participar efectivamente en los procesos de ICANN).

La idea de este podcast es recuperar la experiencia de importantes actores de la región latinoamericana, como son los administradores de los códigos de país –que además en muchos casos coincide con aquellos que realizaron las primeras conexiones a Internet en sus países– para compartirla con una audiencia amplia de aquellos interesados en la evolución e institucionalización de Internet.
La ventaja de América Latina es que es una región bastante homogénea culturalmente y casi homogénea en términos de idioma.

ICANN’s outreach programme

The outreach work that ICANN carries out in different regions has two important objectives in terms of communication strategies:

1. – To facilitate a better understanding of the interest in and demands on ICANN from regional and local Internet communities;

2. – To share with the regional community relevant information about global discussions and processes currently under consideration in ICANN.

The outreach work also broadens the focus of ICANN’s communications to have them in different languages and fitting various cultural contexts.
It also opens new channels of communication to enhance participation of new players (who can be listened to and that have the chance to participate effectively in ICANN processes).

The idea behind the podcast that we are presenting is to recover the experience of important players in the Latin American region, such as the ccTLD managers –that in many cases correspond to those that first brought Internet connectivity into their respective countries–and to share it with a bigger audience interested in the evolution and institutionalization of the Internet.

Latin America has the quality of being a culturally homogeneous region in terms of culture and almost also in terms of language. This allows communications to be fluid and reach a great portion of the regional community.


Charles 07.23.07 at 3:12 pm

Are there any forecasts presenting how Internet networks in Latin America will grow in, say, 5-7 forthcomming years?

Patrick Jones 07.23.07 at 7:17 pm

Great work Pablo. This series has been very interesting, I’d be interested in similar podcasts from the other regions.

Pablo Hinojosa 07.24.07 at 1:47 pm

Thanks Patrick!

Kieren McCarthy 07.25.07 at 12:08 am

I accidentally deleted a post from a Cesar Jimenez in response to this comment. It read:

“Pyramid Research has forecasts on main indicators of Internet access market in 180 countries around the world, including the LA region.

Kieren 10.26.07 at 2:29 am

As I long time Internet user representing and defending the interest of domain leasing owners I am deeply concerned about the direction that Brazil is handling ccTLD registration.

As ccTLD control was transferred away from the United States I have the greatest concern about the US ceding control in particular to the Brazilian government’s CGI (Comite Gestor da Internet) who is not being accountable to disastrous results down the road for everyone other than the favored few which remain in control in that case obviously CGI.

In this regard, the current ICANN proposal for Brazil’s ccTLD handling leaves far too much to the imagination, both in terms of how much authority the Brazilian Internet using public is having and in terms of whether the inner working of CGI will be open for public inspection, review, and criticism when signs of corruption and abuse is becoming greater.

The way I see it, I really hope ICANN is not encouraging Brazil to continue violating US laws and US public policies using monopoly as a tool to succeed preventing the private sector from competing and succeed as well which could make ICANN accountable for these actions even when ccTLD .br is under US control.

Take for example your in Brazil. The results of a search shows the state of Paraná as being the state of Paraíba promoting a result error confusing the researcher specially young students.

Please see for yourself at:ês/Regional/América_do_Sul/Brasil/Estados/Paraíba/

When will you & ICANN help Brazilian intrapreneurs and ISP’s like myself making Internet in Brazil more competitive and have the right to register ccTLD and compete for the registration to break the vicious cicle of monopoly dictated by for the past 10 years?

Kieren McCarthy 11.10.07 at 5:48 pm

Hi Abusando,

I am afraid that you have misunderstood ICANN’s role when it comes to country code top-level domains.

Both ICANN and the US government recognise that every country of the world has sovereignty over its local Internet and that is a very important principle to hold to.

We possess no hold or control over any ccTLD, although in order to make the Internet one coherent whole, many countries have reciprocal arrangements with ICANN where ICANN recognises them and they recognise ICANN and we both agree how to work together to maintain one global interoperable Internet.

You can see all those agreement graphically here:

Kieren McCarthy
General manager of public participation, ICANN

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